How to diagnose mesothelioma – Mesothelioma is a kind of cancer that is actually quite rare. However, the number of patients once has been improved along with the uses of asbestos in industry and construction. The radiation of asbestos dust may enter the lung area and accumulate to cause inflammation and cancer.
Unfortunately, the disease cannot be simply detected even for years. Many patients are found to suffer the disease even after 20 years before the first cancer cell appears. To give a necessary treatment of mesothelioma cancer, some diagnosis methods are necessary to do. What are they?
Mesothelioma commonly only attacks some organs; they are lungs and stomach areas. Particularly, it is the membranes that cover the organs in which the asbestos dust may be accumulated there. But there are also possibilities the disease affects other areas like heart and testicles indeed.
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Therefore, to detect any disorder, Rontgen or X-ray is conducted. Mainly, if there are some signs like the thickening of pleura, liquid in the pleural cavity, and more.
CT scan is mainly to check the inner area of the chest and stomach. This way, the sign of cancer is able to be detected more accurately as well as to determine the position of cancer cells. Meanwhile, whether the cancer cells have been spreading into other organs or not, it is also seen from the CT scan.
PET (Positron Emission Tomography)
There are some details of the cancer cells that cannot be detected through X-Ray and CT scan. So, for more detailed diagnoses, PET is conducted. It is a kind of examination using compounds containing radioactive atoms. The compounds are injected to patients’ body to see the details of the tissues suspected as the primary place of cancer.
Usually, PET is enough to see the detailed descriptions of cancer along with its possible spreading areas. However, for patients who will undergo removal surgery treatment for the tumor, MRI is used. This way, the location to be operated will be known more accurately.
Aside from those primary methods for mesothelioma diagnose, doctors and medical crews may also offer the patients some further examinations. However, the examinations mentioned below are not compulsory and only done to treat certain disorders.
Fluid Sample Examination
If a patient experiences the accumulation of fluid related to mesothelioma, the doctor may take the fluid sample using a needle stabbed to the area where the fluid is. Next, the fluid is analyzed in the laboratory to track the position of cancer cells.
There are several types of fluid and tissue samples for mesothelioma based on the cancer cells placements. They are Thoracentesis, Paracentesis, and Pericardiocentesis, meaning the fluids of pleura, peritoneum, and pericardium respectively.
Lastly, the disease can be diagnosed via biopsy. Biopsy refers to the taking of tissue samples to be analyzed in the laboratory. There are some methods to undergo this treatment including by using a needle, special surgery tools, tubes, and more. The method of biopsy chosen is depending on the type of mesothelioma suffered and patients’ conditions.
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With an explanation of the 6 ways how to diagnose mesothelioma above we gain knowledge that is useful.